South Africa: Declassified


FCO, Planning Staff draft paper, “British objectives and priorities in Africa South of the Sahara, 1976-80”, November 1975 (click here)

‘Mandela “furious” at adviser after Thatcher meeting vetoed’ (US Embassy, South Africa, 28 November 2010)



Clinton Envy, Mandela and a Horse: Glimpses From the U.K. Archives‘ (New York Times, 28 December 2018)

Queen was “so enraged” by Margaret Thatcher’s refusal to back sanctions on apartheid she wanted to scrap their weekly meetings‘ (Mail, 29 December 2017)

Queen’s fury at Margaret Thatcher for “damaging the Commonwealth” revealed in declassified documents‘ (Mirror, 29 December 2017)

Declassified: Apartheid Profits – Tiny Rowland, a very British spy?‘ (Daily Maverick, 16 October 2017)

Margaret Thatcher’s “Marshall Plan for southern Africa“‘ (The Conversation, 30 December 2016)

‘South Africa used “back channels” to challenge UK’s apartheid stance – FCO files’ (Civil Service World, 26 August 2016)

‘Margaret Thatcher aides “buried” plan to make her condemn apartheid’ (Independent, 19 February 2016)

‘Britain was seen as a “friend of apartheid” because it opposed sanctions against South Africa, Geoffrey Howe warned Thatcher’ (Mail, 19 February 2016)

‘‘‘Defender of apartheid”: Thatcher urged to condemn S. Africa’s racist policy, UK govt files show’ (RT, 19 February 2016)

‘Margaret Thatcher “urged South Africa to free Nelson Mandela from prison”’ (Express, 19 February 2016)

‘Thatcher tried to stop British university honoring Mandela’ (RT, 25 January 2016)

‘What Maggie told PW Botha: Rubicon failed to meet expectation’ (City Press, 4 January 2015)

‘Declassified papers reveal Thatcher’s mixed response to South Africa’s bloody 1985’ (News Statesman, 30 December 2014)

‘The Thatcher-Botha Papers’ (History Workshop, 5 January 2014)

‘Maggie Thatcher “didn’t mention Nelson Mandela” in talks with South African apartheid leader PW Botha’ (Mirror, 3 January 2014)

National Archives: Margaret Thatcher barely mentioned Nelson Mandela in South Africa talks‘ (Telegraph, 3 January 2014)

‘Margaret Thatcher “made no case” for Mandela’s release’ (Guardian, 3 January 2014)

What really happened when Margaret Thatcher met South Africa’s P W Botha?‘ (New Statesman, 3 January 2014)

‘Nelson Mandela and Margaret Thatcher: the meeting that never was’ (Guardian, 28 November 2010)



Harold Wilson’s foreign spy fears laid bare in secret documents‘ (BBC, 16 July 2015)

Cables describe British attempt to recruit N Korean spy‘ (Al Jazeera, 23 February 2015)

GCHQ intercepted foreign politicians’ communications at G20 summits‘ (Guardian, 17 June 2013)